United States

The United States is by far the largest, most diverse healthcare market in the world. According to the OECD, in 2010 health care spending represented 17.9% of U.S. GDP. The Department of Health and Human Services projects that this figure will rise to 19.5% of GDP by 2017.

The U.S. healthcare system is a complex mixture of government-insured and privately-insured services. According to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, in 2009, 27% of U.S. expenditures on health care were paid for by the federal government, 16% by state and local governments, 21% by private businesses for their employees, and 28% by households directly.

The federal government pays for healthcare primarily from two programs—Medicare and Medicaid. Medicare provided health insurance for 48 million enrollees as of 2010. 40 million of these enrollees were over 65 years of age; 8 million wereyounger people with disabilities. Medicaid is a joint federal and state program for lower income people and families, administered by the states. In 2008, 49 million people received Medicaid benefits. Around 9 million people are covered by both Medicare and Medicaid—termed “dual-eligibles”. This population represents some of the sickest enrollees, and receives a disproportionately large percentage of the programs’ benefits.

Most Americans under 65 receive private health insurance coverage through group coverage plans sponsored by their employers. In most cases, whether health insurance is provided by public or private insurers, the enrollee will still be responsible for some direct costs in the form of deductibles or co-payments.

An analysis by Kaiser Permanente in 2009 showed that of every dollar spent on health care in the U.S., 31 cents was spent on hospital care, 21 cents on physician services or clinical services, 10 cents on pharmaceuticals, and 6 cents on in-patient long term care.

  • Population

    323.1 million(2016, World Bank)
  • GDP

    $18,569 billion(2016, World Bank, USD)
  • Healthcare Spending

    $3,175 billion(2016, Brocair estimate, USD)
  • Healthcare Spending as % of GDP

    17.1%(2014, World Bank)
  • Annual Healthcare Spending Per Capita

    $9,827(2016, Brocair estimate, USD)

Every dollar spent on health care in the U.S.Kaiser Permanente Analysis 2009
  • Hospital


  • Physician or Clinical Services


  • Pharmaceuticals


  • Administrative Costs

  • Investment Costs

  • In-Patient Long Term Care

  • Other Profess ional Services

  • Dental Care

  • Home Health Care

  • Retail Health Care Products

  • Government-Run Public Health Activities